Saturday, April 19, 2014
WATERVILLE — Dorothy Foreman Cotton remembers when her friend Martin Luther King Jr. was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
Staff photo by David Leaming AUTHOR: Dr. Dorothy P. Cotton, an activist and educator during the civil rights era, spoke during the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. commemorative program to a full house at Lorimer Chapel at Colby College in Waterville on Monday, Jan. 20, 2014.
Staff photo by David Leaming AUTHOR: Dr. Dorothy P. Cotton spoke to a full house at Lorimer Chapel at Colby College in Waterville about civil rights during the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. commemorative program on Monday, Jan. 20, 2014.
“I was out on the sidewalk saying, ‘We won, we won!’” Cotton said Monday.
She had worked with King during the civil rights movement, running educational training workshops, helping people to understand that they had rights as U.S. citizens, that nonviolent protest was important and that the system had to change.
“We were relegated to a place of non-citizenship,” Cotton told a crowd at Colby College’s Lorimer Chapel. “We people who were of my skin hue — and others as well — were relegated to a place of noncitizens.”
Cotton, 83, was considered the highest-ranking woman in the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in the 1960s and accompanied King and his family and friends to Oslo when he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
She grew up in the South during the days when she and other black citizens were not allowed to use public restrooms and could not drink from water fountains. She recalled accompanying a group of children to a beach where a group of men beat them, breaking a young girl’s nose and striking Cotton’s head so hard she lost much of the hearing in one ear.
She was not allowed to ride in the front of the bus. Her good friend, Rosa Parks, was arrested in Mongtgomery, Ala., in 1955 after she refused to give up her seat near the front of a full bus for a white man. It was a moment etched in civil rights history.
Parks, Cotton said, was a gentle seamstress whose actions in Montgomery turned the tide of history.
“The whole town just rose up in righteous indignation,” she said.
Speaking to Colby students, staff and administrators, as well as area residents, Cotton said the training workshops she was involved in during the civil rights movement were for adults who were trained to act against the “American style of Apartheid.”
They often would come to the workshops singing “I’ve Been in the Storm So Long” but after a few days had memorized the 14th Amendment, which guarantees that all people born in the United States, and naturalized citizens, have the rights guaranteed them by the Constitution, and states can’t trump those rights.
“They could stand a little taller,” she said.
King, she said, did not start the civil rights movement, and she reiterates that often because saying he started it disempowers people who came after him.
She asked the crowd Monday to envision what kind of community, country and world they want to live in and ask themselves if their actions further that vision. She said they have the power to effect change and promote a world in which people live in harmony with one another.
“We have broken down some barriers, but we have miles to go,” she said. “I want you to think about what you see the needs to be worked on.”
She asked that people envision their ideal world.
“What is your dream? Dr. King’s dream? It’s wonderful, but let it be a model. Let it be an inspiration. What can you do? If you have a vision of the kind of world you want to live in, then hold on to it.”
Cotton often gets asked what King was like. Above all, King was a human being, she said. He was a poet and a fantastic teacher who sang, played badminton and table tennis and had a good sense of humor.
She titled her recent book “If Your Back’s Not Bent: The Role of the Citizenship Education Program in the Civil Rights Movement,” after something King once said to a group of people attending an educational training workshop.
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Staff photo by David Leaming HISTORY LESSON: Colby College student Jocelyn Thomas asks questions to author Dr. Dorothy P. Cotton who gave the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. commemorative address on Monday, Jan. 20, 2014.