January 1, 2013

Waterville businessman, governor was an outspoken conservative, too, 100 years ago

William T. Haines, a Republican, demanded legislative action, urged attention on state's business climate, much like fellow Waterville son, current Gov. Paul LePage

By Susan M. Cover scover@mainetoday.com
State House Bureau

AUGUSTA -- Republican Gov. William T. Haines told lawmakers 100 years ago today that they should stand firm on state-level Prohibition, and that they should make every day count.

click image to enlarge

Republican Gov. William T. Haines

Photo courtesy of State Historian Earle Shettleworth

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An old postcard shows the Haines Theatre in Waterville, which burned down in the 1960s.

Photo courtesy of State Historian Earle Shettleworth

Additional Photos Below

"No one can doubt the curse of intoxicating liquors to most who use them," he said during his inaugural address, delivered Jan. 2, 1913. "Science has proved their certain destruction to health and life. Business no longer tolerates them. The man seeking employment with rum in his breath, finds no work, but is relegated to the realms of trampdom."

Haines, a lawyer and Waterville businessman who served a two-year term as chief executive, as was customary in his time, covered a lot of ground during his address. Prohibition, farming, fishing, tourism, roads, the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg, and lobbyists all provided fodder for this speech to the Legislature.

While his list of topics will be different, Gov. Paul LePage, a Republican who, like Haines, spent much of his professional life in Waterville, is expected to give his annual State of the State Address to the Legislature later this month.

Haines, born in Levant, graduated from the University of Maine in 1876 and the Albany Law School two years later, according to his obituary published in the Kennebec Journal on June 5, 1919. His death shared the front page with a much larger headline: "Senate Passes Equal Suffrage, Women Win After 40-year Fight."

Haines practiced law in Oakland and later Waterville, building up what the newspaper described as a "large and lucrative business." He served as Kennebec County attorney, a state senator and representative, state attorney general and member of numerous bank boards of trustees. He was an Elk, a member of the International Order of Odd Fellows, a timberland operator and "one of the promoters of the Somerset Railway," the newspaper reported.

State Historian Earle Shettleworth said Haines, who represented Waterville in the Legislature, left a lasting mark on the city. He built several downtown buildings, and some may remember him as the namesake of the city's first movie theater. Generations of Waterville residents -- and Colby College students such as Shettleworth -- watched motion pictures in the downtown theater until a fire wiped out the building in 1967.

The Haines Building, which still stands today on Common Street, was an early home to the Morning Sentinel (1904) and later Painter's Restaurant. A fire in 1942 meant the loss of the top two floors, according to the website watervillemainstreet.org.

"What I'm struck with the most is the fact that he was such an energetic and active person in his professional and public life," Shettleworth said.

His penchant for getting things done apparently carried over to his approach to the governorship. The 58-year-old urged the Republican Legislature not to put off big decisions.

"It is poor policy to put off hearings and delay consideration of such matters as will come before you until the last few weeks of the session, and then be obligated to work late nights and rush things along, in order to adjourn at a given date," he said in a 26-page inaugural address. "Make every day count from the start."

He was also concerned about the future of farming in Maine, but was optimistic about other industries.

"We are anxious to convince the rising generation of the relative desirability of life on these farms," he said. "We are asking the young men of the state to remain at home and enter upon this work. We ask them to have faith in it."

At the time he delivered his address, the country was coming off an eventful 1912 in which the Titanic sank, New Mexico and Arizona became states, the Red Sox won the World Series and a postage stamp cost 2 cents. Republican William Howard Taft was president, but would be replaced in March by Democrat Woodrow Wilson.

(Continued on page 2)

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Additional Photos

click image to enlarge

A postcard shows the State House in Augusta, as it appeared during Gov. William T. Haines' tenure.

Photo courtesy of State Historian Earle Shettleworth

  


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